Her father never remarried. In 1942 her mother married second husband Standard Oil heir Hugh D. Auchincloss, Jr., and they had two children, Janet and James Auchincloss. Jacqueline and her sister Lee then lived with their mother's new family, dividing their time at their stepfather's two vast estates, "Merrywood", in McLean, Virginia, and "Hammersmith Farm", in Newport, Rhode Island. They remained close to their father, and visited him often in New York City, where he lived.
 Education, introduction to society, and first jobShe was educated at selective schools such as the Holton-Arms School in Washington (1942–1944) and Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut (1944–1947). When she made her society debut in 1947, a Hearst columnist dubbed Jacqueline "Debutante of the Year".She spent her first two years of college at Vassar in Poughkeepsie, New York, and spent her junior year (1949–1950) in France at the University of Grenoble and The Sorbonne in a program through Smith College. Upon returning home to the United States, she transferred to George Washington University in Washington, D.C., graduating in 1951 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in French Literature. Her college graduation coincided with younger sister Lee's graduation from high school, and the two sisters spent the summer of 1951 on a trip through Europe. This trip was the subject of Kennedy's only autobiographical book, One Special Summer, which is also the only one of her publications to feature her drawings.On parole from college, she was hired as the "Inquiring Photographer" for The Washington Times-Herald where her name headed the column. Her job was to ask witty questions of people she met in Washington, D.C. The questions and amusing responses would then appear alongside the interviewee's photograph in the newspaper. She was hired at a weekly salary of $42.50, but later raised when she was promoted to "Inquiring Camera Girl".During that period she was briefly engaged to a young stockbroker, John Husted, but the engagement was called off after three months.
Hugh D. Auchincloss
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. (August 15, 1897 – November 20, 1976) was an American stockbroker and lawyer.Auchincloss was born at Hammersmith Farm in Newport, Rhode Island. He was the son of Hugh Dudley Auchincloss (1858 - 1913), a merchant and financier, and Emma Brewster Jennings, daughter of Oliver B. Jennings, a founder of Standard Oil. His uncles were Edgar Stirling Auchincloss (father of James C. Auchincloss) and John Winthrop Auchincloss (grandfather of Louis Auchincloss). He had two older sisters, Esther Judson Auchincloss and Ann Burr Auchincloss.Auchincloss graduated from Yale University in 1920 and earned a law degree from Columbia University in 1924. He served in the United States Navy during World War I and worked for the Office of Naval Intelligence and the War Department during World War II.His first marriage, from June 4, 1925 to 1932, was to Maya de Chrapovitsky, a Russian noblewoman. They had one child, Hugh D. "Yusha" Auchincloss III (born 1927). His second, from 1935 to 1941, was to Nina S. Gore (1903 - 1978), mother of author Gore Vidal. They had two children, Nina Gore Auchincloss (born 1935) and Thomas Gore Auchincloss (born 1937). On June 21, 1942, he married Janet Lee Bouvier, mother of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. They had two children, Janet Jennings Auchincloss (1945 - 1985) and James Lee Auchincloss (born 1947).Auchincloss was responsible for the then Jacqueline Bouvier getting her first job in journalism at the Washington Times-Herald. He gave her away at her wedding to future president John F. Kennedy, the reception of which was held at Hammersmith Farm on September 12, 1953. A long-time financial contributor to the US Republican Party, he contributed to the campaign of his Democratic son-in-law, saying "I want to live in harmony with Mrs. Auchincloss and all the other members of the family."Modern American politicians, like Ronald Reagan, continue to cite Winthrop as a source of inspiration. However, those who praise Winthrop fail to note his strident anti-democratic political tendencies. Winthrop stated, for example, "If we should change from a mixed aristocracy to mere democracy, first we should have no warrant in scripture for it: for there was no such government in Israel ... A democracy is, amongst civil nations, accounted the meanest and worst of all forms of government. [To allow it would be] a manifest breach of the 5th Commandment."Winthrop was not governor at the outset of the Pequot war and bore only an indirect responsibility for its outcome. The decision to sell the survivors as slaves in the Bahamas was a societal response and not a personal choice.The Town of Winthrop, Massachusetts, is named after him, as is Winthrop House at Harvard University, though the house is also named for the John Winthrop who briefly served as President of Harvard.Winthrop is also briefly immortalized in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter in the chapter entitled "The Minister's Vigil."
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